Firewalld Rich Rules basics

This tutorial will help you to get started with the firewalld configuration. Basics on zones and rich rules are presented.

What we do

The shell provisioner will ensure that on all hosts firewalld and curl are installed. For “host_protected” the provisioner will install nginx for demo purposes, too. Furthermore, the firewall will configured on “host_protected”.

Every host has two interfaces NAT (enp0s3) and host-only (enp0s8). The provisioner will not touch the NAT interface (zone: public) rules! Only the host-only interface (zone: home) rules will modified!


Here are all needed files…

Please add your values for box name/url!


Note: before you destroy the vagrant environment, have a look on zones xml files for “host_protected”!

Kickstart Configurator

With kickstart configurator you don`t need to remember the correct syntax of kickstart files. An graphical user interface helps to create or to edit kickstart files on the fly.


Note: Of course you can also use Gnome, Cinnamon, MATE or Xfce!


To start the kickstart configurator search the application “Kickstart” [Applications => System Tools => Kickstart] or run terminal command


Note: Via [File => Preview] you can review your current selections before saving.


After the creation, you should check the kickstart file!

Install and configure Fail2Ban on CentOS 7

This tutorial presents the minimum SSH protection on CentOS 7 by Fail2Ban (without e-mail).



Ready for startup

Check status


Install Pappy Proxy on CentOS7

Pappy Proxy (Proxy Attack Proxy ProxY) is an open source intercepting proxy for performing web application security tests. It is similar to BurpSuite, ZAP and so on. The benefit is the command line!


Prepare a project

Note: By default the proxy is running on port 8000 – bound to localhost. You need to modify the config.json. For more information read the docs.

Explain Shell direct from terminal rocks! Nevertheless, you lose time to leave the terminal (open browser, copy-paste). But there is a cool solution from ManKier. All what you need is curl.


Simpler usage

With a tiny script it will be more comfortable! Add the following to your .bashrc or .bash_profile (MAC OS X).

Now you can do …

… if you insert only “explain” an interactive mode will started!

SSH jump host example with vagrant

This time shows the tutorial two topics in one. The first topic is: “How an easy to configure SSH host jump”. The 2nd topic is: “Provisioning examples for Vagrant”.


  • Vagrant installed
  • VirtualBox installed

File content

Note: Replace values for HostName “192.168.x.x” by real IP from jump_host and KEY_LOCATION “~/.ssh/”!


Minimal CentOS 7 base box with Packer

The title says it, … this tutorial is about Packer, CentOS 7 and Vagrant. After that, you should be able to integrate the creation of Vagrant base boxes into your Build-server. There is on small exception to other – the VirtualBox Guest Additions will be provided via PlugIn! Because other users could may have different versions.


Project structure

File contents

ks content


Create simple CentOS 7 Virtualbox with Packer

As a software tester you need many virtual machines, the creating can be very time consuming. Of course tools like Vagrant helps a lot but the creation for BaseBoxes starts most with installation from ISO`s. Exact here helps Packer! This tutorial shows an example for CentOS7 – VirtualBox.



1st you need to install Packer. The following example shows one way that works well with Mac OS X (El Capitan).

Other OS? Take a look here.


More about Packer – VirtualBox? Take a look here.

More about CentOS 7 – Kickstart? Take a look here.

Validation and Build