Docker Audit

This tutorial shows software testers some simple examples for Docker audit. Here now we will make some audits on Docker environment and Dockerfiles.

Docker environment audit

# check Docker environment with docker-bench-security
$ docker run -it --net host --pid host --cap-add audit_control \
    -v /var/lib:/var/lib \
    -v /var/run/docker.sock:/var/run/docker.sock \
    -v /usr/lib/systemd:/usr/lib/systemd \
    -v /etc :/etc --label docker_bench_security \

Note: 1st the space after /etc is only because of security settings from my provider! 2nd create os specific docker-bench-security (example CentOS)

Dockerfile audit

# install on RedHat, CentOS, Fedora ...
$ yum install epel-release && yum install lynis

# install on Debian, Ubuntu ...
$ apt-get install lynis

# Suse
$ zypper install lynis

# install via Homebrew
$ brew install lynis

# audit Dockerfile
$ lynis audit dockerfile Dockerfile

# check log file
$ cat /var/log/lynis.log
$ cat /var/log/lynis-report.dat

Lint Dockerfile with Haskell Dockerfile Linter

# simply run Container again Dockerfile
$ docker run --rm -i lukasmartinelli/hadolint < Dockerfile